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Anandpur Sahib

This place has a number of historical Gurudwaras, with a backdrop of Naina Devi Hill. On the day following the festival of Holi, devotees flock to Anandpur Sahib, to participate in the Hola Mohalla celebrations, re-enacting Sikh battles of yore, with ancient arms and weapons.

Location :



About 85 kms north-west of Chandigarh, district Ropar (Rupnagar)  Punjab-India.




Hola Mohalla At Anandpur Sahib

Hola Mohalla :
This tradition dates back to the times of the 10th Guru, Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji. The Guru decided that the occasion of the festival of Holi, fun and frolic and color splashing, be the occasion for the display of the martial spirit of his people and he gave this festival of Holi a more masculine name of HOLA MOHALLA. Each year Hola Mohalla marks the congregation of lacs of devotees from all over the country for a festival of color and gaiety. The Nihangs (members of Guru's army) in their colorful attire are the greatest attraction for the people visiting the Hola Mohalla. In deep blue robes with saffron girdles, high conical turbans decorated with steel rings, flowing beards, twisted moustaches, the nihangs enact mock battles on this occasion armed with spears and swords. Their army halts at many places to show off their art of fencing, tent-pegging and jousting to thousands of people gathered from all over the country at Anandpur Sahib on the occasion of Hola Mohalla.

Baisakhi 1999 at Anandpur Sahib had been significant as it marked the completion of 300 years of the Birth of the Khalsa. It was on Baisakhi day in 1699 that Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji baptised the ‘Panj Pyaras’ at Anandpur Sahib at the place where Takht Sri Kesgarh Sahib stands.

Origin :

Having purchased the dune of Makhowal from dowager Rani Champa, wife of late Raja Deep Chand of Kahlur-Bilaspur State, the 9th Guru of the Sikhs, Sahib Sri Guru Teg Bahadur had laid the foundation of a new town on the 19th June, 1665. He called it Chak Nanki after the name of his mother.

Quietly, the Chak had grown into a poverty free, self sufficient and a progressive State within the Mughal State of India. Run on the basis of divine principles of love and liberty, it became a heaven for the people oppressed by the fanaticism of Emperor Aurangzeb. On 25th May, 1675, tyrannized Kashmiri Brahmins under the leadership of Pandit Kirpa Ram came here to seek solace and salvation and the greatest Arabic and Persian Hindu scholar of the time Bhai Nand Lal Goya, who had also served as a tutor to the sons of Emperor Aurangzeb, sought shelter at Sri Anandpur Sahib when threatened with forcible conversion. It is widely believed that the name of Chak Nanki was changed into Anandpur Sahib by Sahib Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji.

The miseries of the Kashmiri Brahmins and others had prompted the ninth Guru to offer a martyrdom unique in the annals of the world for upholding humanity's right to freedom of conscience.


Places Of Historical Importance At Sri Anandpur Sahib


Residence of Sri Guru Teg Bahadur inherited by Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji; the sahibzadas- the holy sons of the tenth Guru were born here.
There is an  underground room  cut off from the din of life where the ninth Guru used to meditate.





The ninth Guru used to deliver sermons from this raised platform. There is place to mark the spot where the Kashmiri Brahmins came to seek protection.


In November, 1675, the martyred head of the ninth Guru which was heroically brought by Bhai Jaita ( Bhai Jiwan Singh after taking holy nectar according to Sikh rites in exultant defiance of the Mughal authorities was cremated here, ceremoniously.




After cremation of the holy head of his father, followed by a prayer to the Almighty, the tenth Guru had rested here with his relations and followers.


The tenth Guru was given the Guru Gaddi, here. It was from here that he had declared the end of the institution of the Masands-the priestly agents of the former Gurus.


The Sahibzadas received their education and military training at this spot. Military exercises were also rehearsed here.





In 1699,  on the occasion of the festival of Baisakhi, Guru Nanak's mission was fulfilled by the tenth Guru, Sahib Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji, when, through baptism of the double-edged-sword the Sikh was consummated as the Khalsa-Saint Soldier- in direct commune with the Guru and God. Still more astonishing is the fact that the Guru had got himself baptised by the Panj-Pyaras, the five beloved ones, who had offered him their heads to uphold Dharma - the righteous cause.





This fort with a deep well was built in the year 1686. It was attacked several times by the combined forces of the hill chiefs and local Mughal officers and every time the attackers were put to flight, In 1704, however, when the Rajas of Bilaspur, Kangra, Kulu, Mandi, Nurpur, Guler, Chamba, Jammu and Garhwal, in tandem with the Mughal Governors of Delhi, Lahore and Sirhind attacked Anandgarh, although the Fort held out, but for lack of ration and ammunition the inmates were reduced to dire straits. When the besieged Khalsa insisted and the enemy vowed safe passage, the fort was vacated. Since the vows were not kept, the exodus from the fort spelt disaster in which the tenth Guru's four sons, several intrepid warriors and financial and literary treasures were lost.


It was Sri Anandpur Sahib's Armoury, weapon manufacturing factory and martial training ground.





A sentinel that acquired a colourful hue on the day of Hola-Mohalla.






Stood guard over the highways which connected Sri Anandpur Sahib to Sirhind and Lahore in the north and to Delhi in the south.


Kept watch over the hill states. This fort was built to prevent any attack from the side of the hill State of Bilaspur.


Sacred Places On The Margin Of Sri Anandpur Sahib


It is 11 kms on Sri Anandpur Sahib-Ganguwal route leading to the State of Himachal Pradesh. On 25th January, 1686, the tenth Guru's wedding to Mata Jito Ji was celebrated here. Two almost pinhead springs still functional, were pierced by the tenth Guru by lancing the rocky mountains.




Not far from Holgarh Fort. Mata Jito Ji was cremated here.


Across the now almost dried up rivulet Charan Ganga and below the Taragarh hill, Bhai Ghanaiya Ji had anticipated the RED CROSS almost two centuries before its formation in the modern times. He used to render first aid to friends and foes, alike-something unknown in the world, then.

Sri Anandpur Sahib is the mainstay from where the  stormy defence was put up to maintain liberty from the prejudiced slavery of the Mughals and their tributory chiefs of the surrounding hills.



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