Lucknow,city, northern capital of Uttar Pradesh State. Local industries include the manufacture
of gold and silver brocade, muslins and other light fabrics, glass,
shawls, and jewelry. Chemicals, cigarettes, and cotton cloth are also
manufactured. The chief architectural features are the fort and a
mausoleum. Many handsome mosques, including the Pearl Mosque and the Great
Mosque, are in the city. An educational and cultural center, Lucknow is
the seat of Lucknow University (1921).
From 1775 Lucknow was the capital of the kingdom of Oudh until the annexation
by the British in 1856. At Lucknow, during the Sepoy Rebellion(1857-1859), a British force was besieged for 12 weeks until
reinforcements arrived. Population (1991) 1,619,115.
25 km. The
tomb of Syed Haji Waris Ali Shah, known as Deva Sharif, is revered by both
Hindus and Muslims. Devotees throng the shrine in October/November when
the annual urs of the saint is held.
Near the Rumi
Darwaza, this structure houses the tombs of Muhammad Ali Shah, its builder, and
of his mother. Built between 1837 and 1842, it is also called the Chhota
Imambara. It is approached through a fine garden. The Imambara has a white dome
and numerous turrets and minarets. The walls of the mausoleum are decorated with
verses in Arabic. Chandeliers, gilded mirrors, colorful stucco, the King's
throne and ornate tazia or replicas of the tombs at Karbala adorn the interior.
structure derives its name from the town of Najaf, about 200 km south of Baghdad
where the saint Hazrat Ali is buries. It is situated on the right bank of the
Gomti, In this mausoleum are buried the remains of Ghazi-ud-din Haider and his
wives, including Mubarak Mahal, his European wife. The entrance leads to a
beautiful garden. The silver tomb of Ghazi-ud-din Haider lies in the center of
the building and is flanked by the more imposing silver and gold tomb of Mubarak
Mahal on one side, and another tomb on the other.
Also known as the
Bara Imambara, it was built by Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula in 1784 and is one of the
architectural highlights of the era. The central hall is said to be the largest
vaulted chamber in the world. Except for the galleries in the interior, there is
no woodwork used in the structure. A staircase from outside leads to a series of
labyrinths which visitors are advised to visit only with authorized guides.
Within the compound of the Imambara is a grand Asafi mosque.
ornate gateway is said to be a facsimile of one of the gates of Constantinople.
It was built by Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula in 1784, to create employment during the
terrible famine of 1784.