of people are Hindu. So all traditional
Hindu festivals are observed - Holi, Saraswati Puja, Durga Puja or Dusserah,
Deepavali, Bhaiya Dooj etc. But there is one festival that is uniquely
associated with Bihar, and that is the festival of Chhath described below.
There is one
Hindu festival that is uniquely Bihari, and that is the festival of Chhath. This
is observed mostly by the people of North Bihar. It is devoted to the worship of
the Sun God. It is, therefore, also known as SuryaShashti. The festival begins
on the sixth day of the month of Kartik in the Hindu lunar calendar. This will
correspond to late October to mid November, depending on the year. It is one of
the holiest festivals for biharis and extends to four days.
Surprisingly,Bihari Sikhs, in the land that gave the tenth
guru, Guru Gobind Singh, are very few in number. A large number of Sikhs from
the Punjab migrated to Bihar during the partition of India in 1947.
although proportional to the whole population a small minority, are very large
in absolute numbers. Many beautiful Catholic and Protestant church
buildings dot the landscape of towns in Bihar.
comprise a vast minority. (At the time of partition of India, in 1947, a very
large number of Bihari Muslims migrated to Pakistan - then comprising of East
and West Pakistan. When East Pakistan was liberated from Pakistani rule and
became the nation of Bangladesh, these Bihari Muslims had a second migration,
this time to West Pakistan, now simply known as Pakistan. This Bihari minority
in Pakistan is known as "muhajirs" and they are engaged in a fierce
fight for their survival in Pakistan.)