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The majority of people are Hindu. So all traditional Hindu festivals are observed - Holi, Saraswati Puja, Durga Puja or Dusserah, Deepavali, Bhaiya Dooj etc. But there is one festival that is uniquely associated with Bihar, and that is the festival of Chhath described below.


There is one Hindu festival that is uniquely Bihari, and that is the festival of Chhath. This is observed mostly by the people of North Bihar. It is devoted to the worship of the Sun God. It is, therefore, also known as SuryaShashti. The festival begins on the sixth day of the month of Kartik in the Hindu lunar calendar. This will correspond to late October to mid November, depending on the year. It is one of the holiest festivals for biharis and extends to four days.

Surprisingly,Bihari Sikhs, in the land that gave the tenth guru, Guru Gobind Singh, are very few in number. A large number of Sikhs from the Punjab migrated to Bihar during the partition of India in 1947.

Christians, although proportional to the whole population a small minority, are very large in absolute numbers. Many beautiful Catholic and  Protestant church buildings dot the landscape of towns in Bihar.

Muslims, comprise a vast minority. (At the time of partition of India, in 1947, a very large number of Bihari Muslims migrated to Pakistan - then comprising of East and West Pakistan. When East Pakistan was liberated from Pakistani rule and became the nation of Bangladesh, these Bihari Muslims had a second migration, this time to West Pakistan, now simply known as Pakistan. This Bihari minority in Pakistan is known as "muhajirs" and they are engaged in a fierce fight for their survival in Pakistan.)




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