West coast State of Gujarat has always been a major center for
the Jains and some of it's most interesting sights are Jain
Temples. The Jains are an influential and energetic group
and as a result Gujarat is India's wealthier states. Apart from
it's Jain Temples, Gujarat's major attractions include the last
Asian Lions (in the Gir Forests) and the fascinating Indo-Saracenic
architecture of Ahmedabad.
Gujarat can be divided into three areas:
Eastern Region includes the major cities of Ahmedabad, Surat
and Vadodra(Baroda). The Gulf of Cambay divides the mainland
strip from the flat, often barren plain of the Kathiawar peninsula,
also known as Saurashtra.
one would go beyond history in the realm of a legend, then Gujarat's
temple of Somnath was actually there to witness the creation
of the Universe. Along the South coast are the sites where many
of the great event's in Krishna's life took place. Gujarat featured
in the exploits of the mighty bhuddhist emperor Ashoka and one
of it's rock edicts can be seen near Junagadh.
Gujarat suffered Muslim Incursions from Mahmud of Ghazni and
subsequent Mughal rulers and it also served as a battlefield
between the Mughals and the marathas. The first British commercial
outpost was established at Surat. Saurashtra survived from the
British India in the form of 200 Princely States. These 200
states were amalgamated (merged) into the state of Mumbai in
1956. But even Mumbai was split into Maharashtra and Gujarat
Ghandhi, the Father of the Nation is closely associated with
Gujarat, this being his birthplace. And even Ahmedabad one of
the main cities of Gujarat was the place where Ghandhi returned
and lived to struggle for India's independence from British.
Saurashtra is divided from the Kutch by the Gulf of Kutch, which
is virtually an island cut off from the rest of Gujarat to the
East and Pakistan to the North by the low lying ranns of Kutch.