highland district of Kerala with its mountains, valleys, dams, forests,
wildlife, orchids, streams,scenic points, trekking trails, sanctuaries,hill
stations and lakes,you could call Idukki
- God's Own Hideaway.
unspoiled natural queen of Kerala is a tourist paradise. Idukki is the
most gifted district of Kerala. With high ranges of altitude varying from
2500 feet above sea level, Idukki is the district where forest and wild
life abound. About 1500 Sq.Km. of its area is reserved forest, much of
which is home to a variety of flora and fauna. This forest area house wild
life like, tigers, deer, Indian bisons and monkeys. Streams, valleys and
hills combine to make Idukki an ideal year-round holiday destination.
For the people of Kerala, Idukki is always
associated with power generation. About 60% of the State's power needs
come from the hydro-electric power station at Moolamattom, the biggest in
the state. The famous Idukki arch-dam, the first of its kind in India, is
built between two huge granite hills across the river Periyar.
The district's name, 'Idukki' is
supposed to be derived from the Malayalam word 'Idukku' which means a
narrow gorge. That could be true, for narrow steep-sided valleys are not a
strange phenomenon in this hilly district flanked by the Western Ghats in
the East. Idukki district was formed on January 26, 1972 carving out
Devikulam, Peermade and Udumbanchola taluks from the erstwhile Kottayam
district and Thodupuzha taluk from the erstwhile Ernakulam district. This
district lies between latitude 9°, 15' and 10°, 21' North and longitude
76°, 37' and 77°, 25' east. The area of the district is 5150.8 Sq. Kms.
For purpose of developmental activities it is divided into Eight Community
Development Blocks viz., Adimaly, Azhutha, Devikulam, Elamdesom, Idukki,
Kattappana, Nedumkandam and Thodupuzha. The District is bounded by
Kottayam, and Pathanamthitta districts on the south, Thrissur and
Coimbatore districts on the north, Madurai Ramanad and Thirunelveli
districts on the east and Ernakulam and Kottayam district in the west.
Idukki accounts for 12.9 percent of the area of Kerala and only 3.7
percent of the population of Kerala.
Geographical and climatological
characteristics of Idukki district are unique. Anamudi in the Kannandevan
hills village of the Devikulam taluk is the highest peak, south of
Himalayas. It is 2659 meters (8841 feet) from Mean Sea Level. Except a bit
of midland region in the western portions of Thodupuzha taluk, all the
remaining area of the district lies in the mountainous tract of the
Western Ghats. There are 14 peaks in Idukki which exceed a height of 2000
meters above Mean Sea Level. The climate of the district undergoes a
sudden variation as we go from west to east. The western part of the
district comprising midland areas experience moderate climate. The eastern
part comprising of the high ranges experience cool climate. In high peaks
above an elevation of 2400 meters, the temperature at times falls down to
freezing point in the winter. Occurrence of mist is usual in the highland
is a beautiful hill located at Nedumkandam. Those people who have interest in
watching the stars and planets come here to spent their time at this hill. This
hill gives them a non-polluted clear sky.
Kuthumkal Water Falls
is a beautiful waterfall found in this district. Always, water mist is found
near the falls because of, water falling on the rocks.
Dam :- Idukki arch dam is world's second and Asia's first Arch Dam
constructed across the Kuravan & Kurathi hills. It is 650 ft in breadth and
550 ft in height and this lies close to the much smaller Cheruthoni barrage. To
the west is the Kulamavu Dam. The underground Power House at Moolamattam is
another attraction. All spots offer unforgettable scenes of deep blue waters
bounded miles around by vegetation. Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary is adjacent to
this world famous Arch Dam.